When it comes to fall protection there are engineered controls (such as guard rails and safety nets), administrative controls ( such as ensuring that all people working at heights are properly trained in fall protection), and personal protective equipment (harnesses, lanyards and trauma straps).
Within harnesses alone, there are five different classes (A, D, E, L and P), various sizes (from small to 3XL as well as a universal size), and countless manufacturers. Its very important to ensure that the harness is properly selected with both the worker and the job in mind, and to ensure that it meets Canadian Standards Association (CSA) and/or Safety Equipment Institute (SEI) standards. When purchasing fall protection equipment consult with the manufacturers of several different types
Equipment inspection is just as important as ensuring the right type and fit. Harnesses and lanyards need to be inspected by the worker before every single use, and at least annually by a certified competent inspector of fall protection equipment, Use manufacturers guidelines when inspecting fall protection equipment and when determining whether or not it should be taken out of service (decommissioned).
For more information on fall protection PPE, consult Part X Fall Protection (specifically section 142) of the Occupational Health & Safety Act.